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Stone Mining

Thursday, February 2, 2017 posted by Martin

Engraved River Stones

Mining is an important part of the world economy.  Mines, petroleum and plant material are the sources for just about everything we own or use.  Mines produce metals, coal, gemstones, salt, and other valuable non-renewable raw products.  Civilization has been mining things for thousands of years.  It is a necessary activity for humans to function. Stone mining includes retrieving stone used for buildings and for gems.  Gem mining includes precious stones, semi-precious stones and plain every day stones used for decorative purposes.  Engraved polished stones can be made from ordinary river rocks or from precious sources such as diamonds.

The mines at Grimes Graves and Krzemionki are especially famous for flint and chalk.  These products were made to help communicate and to make early weapons and tools.  Today, mines produce iron ore, platinum, gold and silver which are used to make not only jewelry but electronics and automotive parts as well.  How much do you know about mining?

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What Kind of Stone Are You?

Thursday, November 24, 2016 posted by Martin
Friends Forever Engraved Rocks

Friend Forever Engraved Stones

There are all kinds of stones.  Did you ever play marbles?  They are stones.  Do you carry a pocket stone?  There are love stones, inspirational stones, celebration stones and even personalized friendship gifts can be stones.  Stones are special because they can become warm when you hold then in your hand and cold when you leave them.  Place them in the sun and they are happy.

Some stones are just small rocks.  But engraved stones have meaning.  As an example, Happy Birthday stones are special because one does not discard them as you would a birthday card.  Other engraved stones like hope, peace, be happy, one day at a time and good luck have special significance because they bring joy and inspiration to the owner.  Black stones are powerful when engraved in gold leaf.  Pure white stones stand out when they are engraved in black. Stones with lots of mixed colors look mushy and do not stand out.  Develop a love for perfect stones and they will bring you joy forever.

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What Are Pocket Stones Used For?

Sunday, October 23, 2016 posted by Martin
One Day at a Time Inspirational Stones

One Day at a Time Inspirational Stones

There are all kinds of rocks and stones, but pocket stones are always small. You may ask “What are they for?”  Pocket stones have been treasured by many for years. They easily fit in your pocket and have words of inspiration. But how does that help?

Because pocket stones are from the earth, they adapt to the physical temperatures surrounding them. When you hold a stone in your hand, it pleases you by rising to the same warmth as your hand. Put it down for a few seconds. Now pick it back up. It is still warm. It feels cozy and reminds you of a close friend. Now read the words. It has inscriptions such as:

feel good
be happy
I love you
one day at a time.

It reminds you of the things that provide happiness and resolve. In its own quiet way, it supports you like a best friend. If you never had a pocket stone, get one and see what I mean. Keep it in your pocket and look at it frequently.

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All About Engraved Stones

Thursday, October 20, 2016 posted by Martin
Engraved Stones

Engraved Stones

Small stones come from hard rock and are not easy to engrave without the proper equipment.  Examples of engraved stones are burial monuments and word or pocket stones.  Sandblasting is the preferred technique for engraving cemetery monuments, however stones can be chiseled using special chisels.  Frequently, the patterns or templates are hand drawn by expert craftsmen, however, in the 21st century, the use of lasers has become more common.  Stone engraving of words and pictures is a slow process involving many steps to get to the end product.

Word stones are made using special engraving tools each of the stones are set into the machine.  First, they are cleaned, smoothed and polished.  Diamond cutters or lasers can be used to form the words.  In most cases, trained workers then color the words to enhance the images.  Once completed, word stones are carefully packaged and shipped to their destination.  Because even small rocks are fragile, every effort must be made to avoid dropping or banging the stones.

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Where Do Rocks Come From?

Saturday, October 15, 2016 posted by Martin
GIFT BOWL COLLECTION

Engraved River Rocks

There are all kinds of rocks. Some are igneous; some are metamorphic and some are sedimentary. Then again, there are some become engagement rings; some are sculptured and some are engraved rocks. I know which one you prefer, but they are also small. Following are examples of each.

Igneous rock come from the earth’s crust resulting from the cooling and solidification of magma. An example is lava stone. Sedimentary rock is formed by the movement and compression of other materials due to wind, ice, water and glaciers. Examples are sandstone. shale and limestone. Metamorphic rock is formed by heat and pressure using other existing rock. Examples are marble and slate. Diamonds are formed from carbon, as is coal. Diamonds are formed at relatively low temperatures deep in the earth.

One of the most famous sculptured rocks is in Mount Rushmore where you can see the heads of Presidents Washington, Lincoln, Roosevelt and Jefferson. Engraved rocks are typically used as headstones and footstones in cemeteries.

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Why We Like Stones

Friday, September 23, 2016 posted by Joan
Love Forever Greeting Stones

Love Forever Engraved Stones

There is something rather unique about rocks and stones that is hard to describe.  Stone has the image of permanence.  Rocks bring the image of something that is hard as a rock. While diamonds are forever, they are one of the few substances hard enough to cut through stone. Cutting into stone as in a granite counter top or a personalized stone etching are examples why we need to cut stone.

Stone counter tops became popular during the latter part of the 20th century because they withstand scratches, cuts and spills.  Once the technology enabled suppliers to manufacture granite and quartz counter tops inexpensively, the business took off like a rocket ship. One major difference between granite and quartz is that quartz tops are manufactured rather than cut from a slab and do not require periodic sealing.  If you neglect to clean and protect granite, liquids will eventually seep in and ruin its finish.  Also, because quartz is manufactured, the colors will always be the same as the samples.

When you hold a stone, it feels cool to the touch. After a while, it warms up to the temperature of your hand like a good friend.  Do you have a pet rock or favorite stone?

 

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Ancient Calendar Discovered

Tuesday, September 6, 2016 posted by Joan

homepage_logo[1]A 16,500-year-old stone carving of a bird’s head was discovered in northern Israel during excavation for the construction of a new highway.  It is believed that engraved stones were used to record the passage of seasons 20,000 years prior to the invention of writing.  The carved stone is engraved with the head of a bird.

The stone is inscribed with the profile of a bird with a slightly curved deep line above it.  The bird has a large curved beak, 3-etched lines which are feathers and a large eye.  It is believed that the bird was a bald ibis.

On the backside of the stone, there are several deeply incised chevron-like signs, two of them forming a rhombus divided into two triangles in the middle of the composition.  Scientists believe that the ibis could be associated with the change of seasons due to the bird’s migratory patterns.  In their opinion, the marks on the back of the stone represent the seasons when the ibis returned to the area.

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Mount Rushmore Presidents

Tuesday, June 28, 2016 posted by Martin
Leave No Stone Unturned Business Gifts

Leave No Stone Unturned Business Gifts

The magnificent images at the top of Mount Rushmore go far beyond that of a personalized stone etching. Do you know which Presidents images are memorialized? They are George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln and Theodore Roosevelt. Why were these presidents chosen and why was Mount Rushmore chosen for this project which lasted for 14 years? The actual carving however lasted for about five years and was completed in 1939. The entire project including the visitor center was not completed until 1998.

The four Presidents were chosen because of their role in preserving and defending our republic during the first 130 years. Originally, the plan was to display the Presidential images down to their waists. Limitations on funding meant that only their faces were carved. In addition to Washington, it was decided there would be two Republicans and one Democrat. The project concept came about as a means to attract more tourism to South Dakota. Mount Rushmore was chosen because the view faces southwest, ideal for viewing. Ecologically, there is sufficient rain and granite for the carvings to last over time.

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Engraving Techniques

Tuesday, March 8, 2016 posted by Martin
Love Greeting Stone

Engraved Love Stone

Most everyone loves engraved and personalized items, especially jewelry. Metal engraving can easily be done either by an electric cutter or by use of lasers.  Lasers are the preferred method with many engravers because it is easier to set up and most precious metals are soft and lend themselves to the shallow cuts of a laser.  Stone engraving is quite different.

Stone is a very hard material and is resistant to metal cutting devices.  Sandblasting is a common method of cutting into polished stone.  In the early years, chisels were used to cut into the stone, however the process was slow and tedious.  Today, most head and foot stones are cut using a sandblasting technique. Costs are reasonable because the process is not time consuming.  Afterwards, the stones are carefully polished and smoothed to make the engraving look perfect.  Google stone engraving for examples of the tools used.

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All About Mount Rushmore

Friday, July 17, 2015 posted by Joan
Forever In Our Hearts Engraved Stones

Forever In Our Hearts Stones

The most famous engraved stones in the United States are  refered to as  Mount Rushmore. This national landmark was carved from the granite mountains of the Black Hills of South Dakota. The gigantic sculpture features the faces of four U. S. presidents: George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln and Theordore Roosevelt.

Work on Mount Rushmore began in 1927 and was led by the Danish-American sculptor Gutzon Borglum. It was completed in 1941. More than 400 workers worked on the scupture under extremely dangerous conditions. To create the gigantic carved heads, more than 450,000 tons or rock was removed.

Mount Rushmore is known as the “Shrine of Democracy,” and is one of the most popular tourist attractions in the United States. Each year, more than 2 million visitors come to Mt. Rushmore to see the colossal carved heads of the  four presidents. Today, it is part of the National Park System and is located 25 miles southwest of Rapid City, SD.

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